extract is a substance collected from trees and plants by bees to seal their hives protecting from wind, rain , and other germs and bacteria. The word propolis, means "defender of the city" in Greek. Propolis extract is most commonly dark brown, however, the color varies from red to green to brown, depending on what botanical source and part of the world it comes from. Propolis is sticky at and above room temperature (20° C). At lower temperatures it becomes hard and very brittle. Propolis mainly consist of resins and bee wax. It contains proteins, amino acids, vitamins, trace minerals, and flavonoids, phenolics, and various aromatic compounds. This makes propolis extract a natural immune support and infection fighter. The trace minerals include zinc, copper, iron, and manganese. It is a rich source of bioflavinoids. Applications: Propolis have antibiotic and antiseptic properties, may boost the immune system, anti - inflammatory effects, as an herbal remedy to heal wounds, antioxidant, antifungal, antiviral properties, respiratory problems, joint problems, reducing strokes, controlling free radicals, and in treating acne, psoriasis, local anesthetic, reducing spasms, healing gastric ulcers, and strengthening capillaries and eczema. Propolis extract may help prevent damage caused by lead, mercury, and caladium, and aid in the absorption of certain nutrients. It is most effective in liquid form. It can be found in homeopathic remedies as a tincture in alcohol, as a liquid without alcohol, in tables, and in capsules. It is found as an ingredient in herbal toothpaste an d mouthwash. Commercially, it is used in musical instruments, component of some varnishes, used by some chewing gum manufacturers to make Propolis Gum.